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Each passage or pair of passages on the upcoming pages is followed by a number of questions. After reading each passage or pair, choose the best answer to each question based on what is stated or implied in the passage or passages and any accompanying graphics (such as a table or graph).
Questions 1-11 are based on the following passage and supplementary material.
This passage is adapted from Julie Sedivy, "Your Speech is Packed with Misunderstood, Unconscious Messages." © 2015 by Nautilus
A central purpose of the passage is to
As used in line 4, “feature” most nearly means
Which choice best paraphrases the author’s point in lines 8-10 (“Speakers ... unspooling it”)?
As used in line 16, “sense” most nearly means
Which choice best supports the conclusion that disfluency may correlate with the social context in which speech occurs?
Based on the passage, which choice best identifies one way that disfluency inadvertently assists
Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
Which statement describes an important difference between the design of Fraundorf and Watson's study and that of Womack’s study?
According to figure 1, what was the mean percent of the 6 plot points recalled for recording 1?
The data in figure 2 indicate that in comparison with residents in training, experienced physicians
The data from figure 2 most clearly reinforce the passage's claim of a correlation between doctors’
professional experience and
Questions 12-22 are based on the following passage and supplementary material.
This passage is adapted from Douglas J. Emlen, "Animal Weapons: The Evolution of Battle." © 2014 by Douglas J. Emlen
Which choice best states a main idea of the passage?
Which choice best supports the idea that scientists can gain insight into a particular aspect of
evolutionary change by studying stickleback fossils
According to the passage, stickleback armor plates serve to
As used in line 20, “extent” most nearly means
As used in line 22, “common” most nearly means
The passage best supports which conclusion about sticklebacks that entered the Nevada lake during periods of high water?
The statement “Lake-bound fish lost their weapons" (line 59) mainly serves to
As presented in the passage, the research of Schluter and his students implies that in freshwater
environments, it is better for sticklebacks to
According to the graph, during which two time periods after the start of the selected portion of the fossil sequence did the number of dorsal
spines in stickleback fossils remain most consistent?
Which statement about the fossils of sticklebacks found in the Nevada lake bed is best supported
by the graph?