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Your scores for these sections will be determined by the number of questions you answer correctly. Nothing is subtracted from a score if you answer a question incorrectly. Therefore, to maximize your scores it is better for you to guess at an answer than not to respond at all. Work as rapidly as you can without losing accuracy. Do not spend too much time on
questions that are too difficult for you. Go on to the other questions and come back to the difficult ones later.
Some or all of the passages in this test have been adapted from published material to provide the examinee with significant problems for analysis and evaluation. To make the passages suitable for testing purposes, the style, content, or point of view of the original may have been altered. The ideas contained in the passages do not necessarily represent the opinions of the Graduate Record Examinations Board or Educational Testing Service.
The questions in these sections have several different formats. A brief description of these formats and instructions for entering your answer choices are given below.
Multiple-choice Questions—Select One Answer Choice
These standard multiple-choice questions require you to select just one answer choice from a list of options. You will receive credit only if you mark the single correct answer choice and no other.
Multiple-choice Questions—Select One or More Answer Choices
Some of these questions specify how many answer choices to select; others require you to select all that apply. In either case, to receive credit you must mark all of the correct answer choices and no others. These questions are distinguished by the use of a square box and checkmark.
Example: Select all that apply.
Which of the following countries are in Africa?
Column Format Questions
This question type presents the answer choices in columns. You must select one answer choice from each column. You will
receive credit only if you mark the correct answer choice in each column.
Example: Complete the following sentence.
(i) _____ is the capital of (ii) _____ .
For each question, indicate the best answer, using the directions given.
For each of Questions 1 to 8, select one entry for each blank from the corresponding column of choices. Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text.
1. Many find it strange that her writing is thought to
be tortuous; her recent essays, although longer than
most of her earlier essays, are extremely _____.
2. Most spacecraft are still at little risk of collision
with space debris during their operational
lifetimes, but given the numbers of new satellites
launched each year, the orbital environment in the
future is likely to be less _____.
3. The author presents the life of Zane Grey with _____
unusual in a biographer: he is not even
convinced that Grey was a good writer.
4. The unironic representation of objects from everyday life is (i) _____ serious American art of the twentieth century: “high” artists ceded the straightforward depiction of the (ii) _____ to illustrators, advertisers,
and packaging designers.
For each of Questions 9 to 14, select one answer choice unless otherwise directed.
Questions 9 to 11 are based on this passage.
9. The passage suggests that the history of criminal
law in early modern England differs from the
history of civil law during that same period in that
the history of criminal law
10. The author of the passage mentions the
occupations of those involved in civil litigation in
early modern England most likely in order to
11. The author of the passage suggests which of the
following about the “widespread assumption”
(line 15 )?
Questions 12 and 13 are based on this passage.
12. The author discusses “the standard view”
(line 14 ) most likely in order to identify a
13. According to the passage, which of the following is
a widely held belief about geese?
Question 14 is based on this passage.
14. Which of the following, if true, most weakens the
For each of Questions 15 to 19, select the two answer choices that, when used to complete the sentence, fit the meaning of the sentence as a whole and produce completed sentences that are alike in meaning.
15. The slower-learning monkeys searched _____
but unintelligently: although they worked closely
together, they checked only the most obvious
16. By about age eight, children’s phonetic capacities
are fully developed but still _____; thus children
at that age can learn to speak a new language with a
native speaker’s accent.
17. In medieval philosophy every physical
phenomenon is presumed to have some
determinate cause, leaving no place for _____ in
the explanation of particular events.
18. Although the film is rightly judged imperfect by
most of today’s critics, the films being created
today are _____ it, since its release in 1940
provoked sufficient critical discussion to enhance
the intellectual respectability of cinema
19. The detective’s conviction that there were few
inept crimes in her district led her to impute some
degree of _____ to every suspect she studied.
For each of Questions 20 to 25, select one answer choice unless otherwise directed.
Questions 20 to 22 are based on this passage.
20. According to the passage, the phenomenon of
olfactory adaptation may cause individuals who
are reexposed to an odorous environment after an
extended absence to
21. The passage asserts which of the following about
the exposures involved in the “research on
olfactory adaptation” (line 11 )?
22. The author of the passage discusses “receptor
fatigue” (line 24 ) primarily in order to
Questions 23 to 24 are based on this passage.
Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.
23. The passage suggests that an adherent to the
“orthodox position” (line 3 ) would agree with
which of the following statements?
24. Replacement of the word “passive” (line 5 ) with
which of the following words results in the least
change in meaning for the passage?
Question 25 is based on this passage.
25. Which of the following, if true, most strengthens