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Each passage or pair of passages on the upcoming pages is followed by a number of questions. After reading each passage or pair, choose the best answer to each question based on what is stated or implied in the passage or passages and any accompanying graphics (such as a table or graph).
Questions 1-10 are based on the following passage.
Over the course of the passage, the narrator’s attitude shifts from
Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
As used in lines 1-2, “not readily verifiable” most nearly means
The sentence in lines 10-13 (“For years... other”) mainly serves to
The narrator indicates that many previous explorers seeking the North Pole have
Which choice best describes the narrator’s view of his expedition to the North Pole?
The question the narrator asks in lines 30-31 (“Will it... railway”) most nearly implies that
As used in line 49, “take the slightest interest in” most nearly means
As used in line 50, “bearing” most nearly means
Questions 11-21 are based on the following passage and supplementary material.
Which choice best summarizes the first paragraph of the passage (lines 1-35)?
According to the passage, members of which group moved away from central-city areas in large numbers in the early 2000s?
In line 34, “flat” is closest in meaning to
According to the passage, which choice best describes the current financial situation in many major American cities?
The passage implies that American cities in 1974
As used in line 68, “conducted” is closest in meaning to
The author of the passage would most likely consider the information in chart 1 to be
According to chart 2, the years 2000–2010 were characterized by
Chart 2 suggests which of the following about population change in the 1990s?
Questions 22-31 are based on the following passage.
The primary purpose of the passage is to
The author’s attitude toward pharming is best described as one of
As used in line 20, “expert” most nearly means
What does the author suggest about the transgenic studies done in the 1980s and 1990s?
According to the passage, which of the following is true of antithrombin?
Which of the following does the author suggest about the “female goats” mentioned in line 59?
The most likely purpose of the parenthetical information in lines 63-64 is to
The phrase “liquid gold” (line 71) most directly suggests that
Questions 32-41 are based on the following passage.
In Passage 1, Burke indicates that a contract between a person and society differs from other contracts mainly in its
As used in line 4, “state” most nearly refers to a
As used in line 22, “low” most nearly means
It can most reasonably be inferred from Passage 2 that Paine views historical precedents as
How would Paine most likely respond to Burke’s statement in lines 30-34, Passage 1 (“As the... born”)?
Which choice best describes how Burke would most likely have reacted to Paine’s remarks in the final paragraph of Passage 2?
Which choice best states the relationship between the two passages?
The main purpose of both passages is to
Questions 42-52 are based on the following passage and supplementary material.
The main purpose of the passage is to
Over the course of the passage, the focus shifts from
The author uses the phrase “is written in” (line 6) most likely to
Where does the author indicate the medieval volcanic eruption most probably was located?
As used in line 68, the phrase “Another possible candidate” implies that
Which choice best supports the claim that Quilotoa was not responsible for the Little Ice Age?
According to the data in the figure, the greatest below-average temperature variation occurred around what year?
The passage and the figure are in agreement that the onset of the Little Ice Age began
What statement is best supported by the data presented in the figure?